Mistaking appearance for reality, or local regularities for universal laws.

Anthropocentric errors are examples of parochialism, but not all parochialism is anthropocentric.

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An entire political, moral, economic and intellectual culture – roughly what is now called ‘the West’ – grew around the values entailed by the quest for good explanations, such as tolerance of dissent, openness to change, distrust of dogmatism and authority, and the aspiration to progress both by individuals and for the culture as a whole. With the enlightenment: In all those cases, Universality was being sought deliberately, as a desirable feature in its own right–even a necessary feature for an idea to be true–and not just as a means of solving a Parochial problem.